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Weight Loss Surgeries

What are Weight Loss Surgeries?

The History of Weight Loss Surgeries

The Most Common Types of Weight Loss Surgeries

Common Complications of Weight Loss Surgeries

What are Weight Loss Surgeries?

Weight Loss Surgeries in Egypt

Weight loss surgeries are simply medical procedures that would assist patients who suffer from obesity to lose some extra weight. This is in addition to the reduction of the percentage of the occurrence of plenty of health problems especially diabetes and severe hypertension.

However, a loss surgery is among the last solutions doctors resort to after the failure of other means to enable patients to lose weight like diets, exercising, and medications.

The major objective of weight loss surgeries is that they limit the quantity of food a patient is able to eat. Some other types work on the process of the digestive system and how the body reacts towards various nutrient materials.

Although the results of weight loss surgeries almost guarantee that patients would lose some weight, they have to carefully consider dieting and excising afterwards. This is because they might regain all the weight lost otherwise.


The History of Weight Loss Surgeries
The first attempts to use surgical solutions to solve the problems of obesity were the trial to carry out intestinal bypasses as the first type of bariatric surgeries.
These surgeries mostly depended on connecting the upper section of the intestine with the lower parts in order to trespass a large part of the cycle where the body absorbs various nutrients. The result of such surgeries is that it enables the body to lose weight due to the decrease of its absorption of food. Other surgeons tried to link the upper intestine directly to the colon to even escape a larger part of the food absorption cycle.
However, the famous gastric bypass surgeries which are considered among the most common today never began before the 1960s. The major efforts would be accredit to Dr. Edward E. Mason and Dr. Chikashi. Their attempt, carried out in the University of Lowa were much better than the other trials linking the upper intensities to various parts of the digestive systems and caused much less complications.

The Most Common Types of Weight Loss Surgeries

Gastric Banding

The Gastric Banding is one of the most common types of weight loss surgeries. Nicknamed called lap-band, during gastric banding, doctors place a device made of silicone or a band containing an inflatable balloon at the upper section of the stomach.

The objective is mainly to narrow the size of the opening of the stomach and the quantity of food it can contain. This is to reduce the amount of food the patient eats and consequently help him to decrease his weight and the risks associated with that while he would feel full after eating a little amount of food.

There are some conditions that patients and doctors should check before considering gastric binding operations. The most important factor is that the BMI, the body mass divided by the square of the body height, of the patient should be more than 40.

This means that gastric binding does not suit patients who suffer from excessive obesity which would perhaps expose them to dangerous complications including diabetes, hypertension, and heart attacks.

The patient should also not be suffering from deficiencies in the kidney or liver. His or her age should never be less than 18 and not more 60 years old. Moreover, the same as any other weight surgeries, the patient must have tried all the other non-surgical means to lose weight, like dieting and excising, and have failed.

Nowadays, gastric binding operations have become more common and less dangerous. It usually requires one hour of surgery under General anesthesia and perhaps a stay for one night in the hospital or the medical center.

The adjustable bands are positioned in its proper place at the upper opening of the stomach using a laparoscopic. They are also easily ejected the same way when that is required afterwards.


Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve Gastrectomy is a surgical operation to reduce the size of the stomach to 15 to 25% of its original size. This is carried out by the removal of the larger portion of the stomach by carrying out a surgery.

The surgery permanently reduces the size of the stomach. However, it is expected that the size of the stomach would be enlarged again with years passing by. Using a medical endoscope, the stomach would only have its minimum size. This limits the amount of food consumed by the patient and result in his loss of weight after the failure of other non-surgical means.

During the last period, sleeve gastrectomy has become among the common and successful type of weight loss surgeries. This is because of its high rates of successes.

According to international statistics, 77% of the patients who carry out sleeve gastrectomy operations have successful results in the reduction of their weights, cholesterol levels, and better and healthier lifestyles.

A clinical study of 24 cases who undergone sleeve gastrectomy surgeries, after 5 years of follow-up, showed that the patients lost more than 66% of their overweight on average. 70% of them witnessed a great improvement in their diabetes. This is in addition to better blood pressure and fats.

Gastric Bypass

The gastric bypass surgery mainly divides the stomach into two pouches with the upper being smaller than the lower. Afterwards, the intestine is reconnected to both pouches.

During the past recent years, doctors succeeded in reaching various ways to carry out the gastric bypass surgeries and different means to connect the stomach to the intestine.

Gastric bypass surgical operations results in remarkable successes in reducing the functions of the stomach. This is in addition to considerable transformations in the body’s response to food.

Doctors carry out gastric bypass surgeries when patients tried every other ways to lose weight and the results weren’t satisfactory enough. Patients who suffer from having a BMI which is greater than 40 with some chronic conditions like diabetes, especially of the 2nd type, a permanent increase in the blood pressure, and problems in breathing while sleeping.

Common Complications of Weight Loss Surgeries

Problems in Respiration

If patients who undergo weight loss surgeries already suffer from any respiratory system problems, they might get worse after the surgery due to the usage of anesthesia. Therefore, proper percussions and treatments should always be considered.

Blood Clots

Some Patients who carry out weight loss surgeries suffer from blood clots especially in the lower parts of the legs and the lungs. The symptoms would sometimes include pain in the legs, some swelling, being short of breath, and having a general feeling of fatigue.

The Disposition of Gastric Bands

Patients who undergo gastric surgeries might be exposed to the risks of the gastric band moving out of its proper place. This might cause some symptoms like fatigue or vomiting. In that case, the doctors should be consulted immediately.

Blocks or Leaks in the Gut

The gut which carries the food inside the body of patients, in some little cases, would be blocked or leaked after some weight loss surgeries.

The symptoms of such complications include fever, a change in the heartbeats, some pain, and vomiting. Doctors have to check such cases immediately.

Developing Gallstones

One of the common complications of weight loss surgeries is to have gallstones especially in the first couple of years after the surgery. This would cause severe pain that lasts for short periods of time. The symptoms include fever, change in the color of the eyes, and changes in the heartbeats.

Weight Loss Surgeries in Egypt

Egypt has more than 5 million people who suffer from excessive obesity. This is why the country witnesses more than 30,000 weight loss surgeries every year. This means that less than 1% of the obesity patients receive surgery as their treatment.

However, with this huge number of operations, Egypt now is qualified to host the best weight loss surgeries with the highest standards of success and quality all over the world. Several patients from the Arab World and the Middle East resort to Egypt to undergo weight loss surgeries and they receive the highest levels of surgeries with the best medical and health follow-up.

Doctors in Egypt today are able to deal with some of the hardest and most complicated weight loss surgeries. They were successfully able to carry out surgeries with patients who weighed more than 400 kilograms with quite impressive results.