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What is Dermatology?
The History of Dermatology
Conditions of Dermatology

What is Dermatology?
Derma, in the ancient Greek language, meant skin, and logia, is the famous word for science. This is why Dermatology is the type of medicine that mainly focuses on the diseases and the conditions of the skin, hair, and nails.

Dermatology factually is related to many fields including the research, diagnosis, treatment, and management of any conditions related to anything associated with the skin.
The skin is the largest organ of the body, which acts as a barrier to protect the internal organs from injury and bacteria. It is also a good indicator of the overall health of the body, making the field of dermatology important in the diagnosis and management of many health conditions.
As the largest organ in a human body, the skin is the shield that preserves the internal objects of the body against any sort of infections or injuries. This is why dermatology is vital and gets involved in the treatment of many several health conditions.
Skin diseases, unlike many other internal medicines, could be easily noticed and seen. This is the main reason why the recognition of certain forms and shapes that represent a consequence of several specific disease is an extremely major element in dermatology. Dermatologists commonly use a systematic approach of diagnosis and treatment.

The History of Dermatology
Due to the fact that they are visible to the unaided eye, a large number dermatology conditions and skin diseases have been recognized since ancient times. Some of these illnesses were treated, or at least physicians tried to treat them, while other remained as mysteries for thousands of years.
The ancient Egyptians benefited from the usage of various chemical substances to deal with various dermatology conditions. They used arsenic for the treatment of skin cancer. This is in addition to salt, alabaster, some sorts of oil, and milk to make their skins look and feel better.
Some historians assert that Queen Cleopatra used to bath in milk to benefit from the lactic acid in the milk to make her skin as smooth as a newly born baby.
On the other hand, Greek physicians had their own contributions to dermatology. They used mixtures of pumice, frankincense, myrrh, and tree resins to improve the health conditions and appearance of their skins.
At the beginning of the 11th century AD, Avicenna, the most famous Arabian physician, managed to write his text book, the Canon of Medicine, which included the diagnosis and treatment of several dermatology conditions.

Avicenna recommended zinc oxide for the treatment of many skin conditions. In fact, this substance is still used until today for the curing of many dermatology conditions and in the making of many skin care materials.
500 years afterwards, an Italian physician, Geronimo Mercuriali, wrote a significantly important book about the diseases of the skin and it is the first historically recognized book that is especially formed for the treatment of skin diseases.
However, the very first textbook composed and written to be taught to the medicine students was made by Francesco Bianchi in 1799. This book included the diagnosis and the treatment of a considerable number of skin diseases.
At the beginning of the 19th century, physicians began using many mixtures of chemicals and other substances to deal with several skin diseases. In the periods between 1950s and 1960s, trichloracetic acid became quite common for the treatment of many conditions.
Dermatology is one of the most evolving medical sciences of all time. It witnesses great developments ever year in terms of skin care, repair, and the management of many health conditions. Today, there are quite advanced tools and medical equipment for the diagnosis and the treatment of dermatology.


Conditions of Dermatology
Acnes usually appear in the face, shoulders, back, and neck of the patients. They are mainly white or blackheads with painful cysts and nodules. Unfortunately, they also cause some scars or a different color on the skin even after treatment.
Acnes usually occur due to problems in the hormones. It usually occurs during teenage period. Viral or bacterial infections also play a vital role in the development of acnes.

Cold Sore
Cold sore consists of quite painful red pocks that can be found on the mouth, lips, and all around them. The infected areas of the body would commonly burn before the sore becomes seen. Other symptoms include low fever, body pains, and other problems in the body.
Almost 90% of people get color sore at least once during their lifetime. There are mainly two types of viruses that cause HSV with the types 1 and 2. Type 2 causes cold sore in most of the cases. Cold sore is a transmittable disease where patients can infect other people.

Blister is one of the most common dermatology health conditions. It is famous for its fluids or water filled areas inside the skin that are usually clear of any infections or viruses.
Blisters can happen in groups or one by one in many places around the body and they might be considerably large or small in size.  The causes of blisters are quite common, as it might happen due to wearing shoes for a long period of time.

Hives occur when the plaques on the skin outbreak into pale red bumps. It might happen also due to some specific allergies and other non-recognizable reasons.
Hives usually consist of welts that occur due to the presence of some sorts of allergies. They have red color, sometimes painful red heads and itchy feelings.

Actinic keratosis
With its relatively larger size of around 2 cm, actinic keratosis are thick skin patches that appear in the body sections that are mostly exposed to the sun.
With their pink colors and brown or gray bases, the causes of actinic keratosis include old age, sensitive skin, being exposed to the sun more than normal, and light colored skin.

Rosacea is one of the most annoying chronic skin diseases. Due to the fact that they face and reappear, it is considered one of the diseases that are never cured. However, proper medication plays a vital role in its treatment and the improvement of its conditions.
Some certain types of food, alcohol consumption, stress and some sorts of bacteria may cause the Rosacea to reappear on the body.  The symptoms of rosacea include facial flushing, redness in the body, and very sensitive skin.

Eczema refers to a number of skin conditions that affect the skin. Infected skin would have a clear red color. The patient might feel itchy sometimes when the skin is swollen and inflamed.
There are many causes of Eczema including allergies towards several things including the famous poison ivy. This is in addition to touching certain substances that might affect the skin like certain skin care oils and soaps.
Although there is a large number of patients with Eczema all over the world, the disease is not contagious but it cannot be permanently cured. This is why proper treatment plans are quite vital in order not to control its impact on the skin and the whole body.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer all over the world. However, it is also one of the types that has the highest percentage of healing, especially when it is treated in early stages.
There are several types of skin cancers. One of the most common among them is Squamous cell carcinoma, or SCC. This disease infects the outer layers of the skin. It appears as some sort of scabies. It occurs usually to the parts of the body that are exposed to the sun. However, it occurs in other parts as well.
The most widespread type of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma or BCC. In contradiction with SCC, BCC infects the lower layers of the skin. It results in a cusp or a scar. It usually takes place around the face or in places of the neck that are exposed to harm rays of the sun. If BCC is not cured properly, it might cause damage to other cells surrounding the infected parts of the body.
The most dangerous type of skin cancer is Melanoma and it has severe complications if left without the proper treatment. Melanoma can occur anywhere around the body and it causes a tumor that appear in the form of moles. A history of cancer in the family would be a factor to be highly considered in the diagnosis and treatment of Melanoma.